Anna von Cleve

Anna von Cleve

Female 1515 - 1557  (41 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors but no descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Anna von Cleve 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 22 Sep 1515  Cleve Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 16 Jul 1557  Hever Castle Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I9247  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 

    Father Johann III von Cleve,   b. 10 Nov 1490,   d. 6 Feb 1539  (Age 48 years) 
    Mother Maria von Jülich-Berg-Ravensberg,   b. 3 Aug 1491,   d. 29 Aug 1543  (Age 52 years) 
    Siblings 2 siblings 
    Family ID F8564  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family King Henry VIII Tudor,   b. 28 Jun 1491, Greenwich Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jan 1547, Westminster Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Married 6 Jan 1540  Cleve Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 29 Aug 2000 
    Family ID F2609  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 22 Sep 1515 - Cleve Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Type: annulment - 6 Jan 1540 - Cleve Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    Anna von Cleve
    Anna von Cleve

  • Notes 
    • Henry VIII remained single for over two years after Jane Seymour's death, possibly giving some credence to the though that he genuinely mourned for her. However, it does seem that someone, possibly Thomas Cromwell, began making inquiries shortly after Jane's death about a possible foreign bride for Henry. Henry's first marriage had been a foreign alliance of sorts, although it is certain that they two were truly in love for some time. His next two brides were love matches and Henry could have had little or no monetary or political gain from them. But the events of the split from Rome left England isolated, and probably vulnerable. It was these circumstances that led Henry and his ministers to look at the possibility of a bride to secure an alliance. Henry did also want to be sure he was getting a desirable bride, so he had agents in foreign courts report to him on the appearance and other qualities of various candidates. He also sent painters to bring him images of these women. Hans Holbein, probably the most famous of the Tudor court painters, was sent to the court of the Duke of Cleves, who had two sisters: Amelia and Anne. When Holbein went in 1539, Cleves was seen as an important potential ally in the event France and the Holy Roman Empire (who had someone made a truce in their long history of conflict) decided to move against the countries who had thrown off the Papal authority. England then sought alliances with countries who had been supporting the reformation of the church. Several of the Duchys and principalities along the Rhine were Lutheran. Holbein painted the sisters of the Duke of Cleves and Henry decided to have a contract drawn up for his marriage to Anne. Although the King of France and the Emperor had gone back to their usual state of animosity, Henry proceeded with the match. The marriage took place on January 6, 1540. By then, Henry was already looking for ways to get out of the marriage. Anne was ill-suited for life at the English court. Her upbringing in Cleves had concentrated on domestic skills and not the music and literature so popular at Henry's court. And, most famously, Henry did not find his new bride the least bit attractive and is said to have called her a 'Flanders Mare'. In addition to his personal feelings for wanting to end the marriage, there were now political ones as well. Tension between the Duke of Cleves and the Empire was increasing towards war and Henry had no desire to become involved. Last but not least, at some point, Henry had become attracted to young Kathryn Howard. Anne was probably smart enough to know that she would only be making trouble for herself if she raised any obstacles to Henry's attempts to annul the marriage. She testified that the match had not been consummated and that her previous engagement to the son of the Duke of Lorraine had not been properly broken. After the marriage had been dissolved, Anne accepted the honorary title as the 'King's Sister'. She was given property, including Hever Castle, formerly the home of Anne Boleyn. Anne lived away from court quietly in the countryside until 1557, and attended the coronation of her former step-daughter, Mary I. She is buried in an somewhat hard to find tomb in Westminster Abbey.

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