1831 - 1896 (64 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and 93 descendants in this family tree.
||Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar Mirza |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||16 Jul 1831
||1 May 1896
||22 Nov 2009 |
| ||1. Soltan Mahmoud Mirza, b. 1847, d. 1849 (Age 2 years)|
| ||2. Soltan Moin al-Din Mirza, b. 1849, d. Nov 1856 (Age 7 years)|
| ||3. Mohammad Qassem Mirza, b. 1850, d. Jun 1858 (Age 8 years)|
| ||4. Soltan Hossein Mirza Jalal ed-Dowleh Mirza, b. 1852, d. 1868 (Age 16 years)|
| ||5. Fatemeh Khanoum Esmat ed-Dowleh Mirza, b. 1855, d. 1906 (Age 51 years)|
|+||6. Kamran Nayeb es-Saltaneh Mirza, b. 22 Jul 1856, d. 1927 (Age 70 years)|
| ||7. Touman Khanom Fakhr ed-Dowleh Mirza, b. 1859, d. 1891 (Age 32 years)|
| ||8. Mohammad Reza Mirza Rokn es-Saltaneh Mirza, b. 30 Jan 1884, d. 8 Jul 1951 (Age 67 years)|
| ||9. Khadijeh Khanom Ezz es-Saltaneh Mirza, b. 1888, d. 1982 (Age 94 years)|
| ||10. Hussein Ali Yamin ed-Dowleh Mirza, b. 1890, d. 1952 (Age 62 years)|
| ||11. Afsar ed-Dowleh Mirza, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||12. Fakhr-ol-Moluk Mirza, d. Yes, date unknown|
|+||13. Zia es-Saltaneh Mirza, d. Yes, date unknown|
||22 Nov 2009 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King and Shah of Persia from September 17, 1848 to May 1, 1896 when he was assassinated. He was the son of Mohammad Shah Qajar and the third longest reigning monarch king in Persian history after Shapur II of the Sassanid Dynasty and Tahmasp I of the Safavid Dynasty . He had sovereign power for close to 50 years and was also the first Persian monarch to ever write and publish his diaries.
He was in Tabriz when he heard of his father's death in 1848, and he ascended to the Peacock Throne with the help of Amir Kabir .
Though Naser al-Din had early reformist tendencies, he was dictatorial in his style of government. He persecuted Bábís and Bahá'ís , and this increased when a deranged Bábí, seeking revenge for his martyred friend, attempted to assassinate him in 1852. He was the first modern Persian monarch to visit Europe in 1873 and then again in 1878 (when he saw a Royal Navy Fleet Review ), and finally in 1889 and was reportedly amazed with the technology he saw there. During his visit to the United Kingdom in 1873, Naser al-Din Shah was appointed by Queen Victoria a Knight of the Order of the Garter , the highest English order of chivalry. He was the first Persian monarch to be so honoured. His travel diary of his 1873 trip has been published in Persian, German and Dutch.
During his visit, Naser al-Din met with British Jewish leaders, including Sir Moses Montefiore . At that time, the Persian king suggested that the Jews buy land and establish a state for the Jewish people.
In 1890 he met British Gerald Talbot and signed a contract with him giving him the ownership of Iranian Tobacco Industry, but he later was forced to cancel the contract after Ayatollah Mirza Hassan Shirazi issued a Fatwa that made farming, trading and consuming tobacco as Haram (forbidden). It even affected the Shah's personal life as his wives did not allow him to smoke.
This was not the end of his attempts to give advantages to Europe because he later gave the ownership of Iranian Customs Incomes to Paul Julius Reuter .
Naser al-Din introduced a number of western innovations to Persia, including a modern postal system , train transport, a banking system and newspaper publishing. He was the first Iranian to be photographed and was a patron of Photography who had himself photographed hundreds of times.
Naser al-Din was assassinated by Mirza Reza Kermani , a follower of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani , when he was visiting and praying in the shrine of Shah-Abdol-Azim . It is said that the revolver used to assassinate him was old and rusty, and had he worn a thicker overcoat, or been shot from a longer range, he would have survived the attempt on his life. Shortly before his death he is reported to have said "I will rule you differently if I survive!" Naser al-Din Shah's assassin was prosecuted by the defense Minister Nazm ol Doleh.
He was buried in the Shah-Abdol-Azim Cemetery , in Rayy near Tehran , where he was assassinated. His one-piece marble tombstone, bearing his full effigy, is now kept in the Golestan Palace Museum in Tehran and is renowned as a master piece of Qajar era sculpture.
Naser al-Din Shah was very interested in painting and photography. He was talented in painting and even though had not been educated, was an expert in Pen and Ink drawing. There are several Pen and Ink drawings which are remained from him. He was one of the first Persians who Photographed and was a patron of Photography. Also he founded a Photograph Studio in Golestan Palace .
He was a Poet too. 200 couplets of his verses were recorded in the Preface of the book Majma'ul Fusah a book by Reza Quli Khan Hedayat about Poets of Qajar Period . Naser al-Din Shah was interested in History and Geography and there were many books on these topics in his library. He also knew French and English but he couldn't speak them fluently.
Many attributed the book Hek Pir Va Jav (The tale of the old and the young) to him which is one of the first Persian stories written in modern European style