Mohammad Ali Mirza Dowlatsh

Mohammad Ali Mirza Dowlatsh

Male 1789 - 1821  (32 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 22 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Mohammad Ali Mirza Dowlatsh  
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 4 Jan 1789  Larijan, Mazandaran Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 22 Nov 1821 
    Person ID I670420  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 20 Nov 2009 

    Father Fat'h Ali Shah Qajar Mirza,   b. 5 Sep 1772,   d. 23 Oct 1834  (Age 62 years) 
    Mother Ziba Chehreh,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F295067  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

     1. Mohammad Hossein Mirza Heshmat ed-Dowleh,   b. 1808,   d. 1835  (Age 27 years)
     2. Tahmasp Mirza Moayyed-ed-Dowleh,   b. 1809,   d. 1877  (Age 68 years)
     3. Nasrollah Mirza Vali,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Assadollah Mirza,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Fathollah Mirza,   d. Yes, date unknown
    +6. Emam Qoli Mirza Dowlatsh,   b. 1814,   d. 1875  (Age 61 years)
     7. Nour-ol-Dahr Mirza,   d. Yes, date unknown
     8. Jahangir Mirza,   d. Yes, date unknown
     9. Mohammad Rahim Mirza,   d. Yes, date unknown
     10. Abol Hossein Mirza,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 20 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F295084  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos

  • Notes 
    • He is also the progenitor of Dowlatshahi Family of Persia. He was born in Mazandaran a Caspian province in the north of Iran. He was the first son of the Fat Ali Shah the second Qajar king of Persia and Ziba Chehr Khanoum a nobel Georgian woman. He was also the elder brother of Abbas Mirza. Dowlatshah was the governor of Fars at age 9, Qazvin and Gilan at age 11, Khuzestan and Lorestan at age 16, and Kermanshah at age 19.
      In the battles with Russian and Ottoman Empires, he defeated Ottomans in Baghdad and Basra and crushed Russians in Yerevan and Tbilisi. Dowlatshah developed and improved the city of Kermanshah and established the city of Dowlat-Abad which was renamed to Malayer. Dowlatshah had 10 sons and at the moment his grandchildren live in different countries in the world and carry the last names (Farsi spelling), Dowlatshahi (English spelling), Dolatshahi (Latin spelling) and Doulatshahi (French spelling), or the regional variation Davlatshoev/Davlatshoeva in Tajikistan.
      Fathali Shah in 1221 A.H. appointed his son Mohammad Ali Mirza Dowlatshah to rule and protect the boundaries of the two Iraqs (a name given to western states of Iran) and also adjoined Khuzestan province to his territories. In fact, during Dowlatshah's time, Kermanshah had become a citadel against the Ottomans.
      Dowlatshah carried the last, and initially very successful, attack on the Ottoman Iraq in 1821. Persia was resentful of the inability of the Ottoman government to protect the Shia population of Iraq against the Saudi - Wahhabi attacks that had begun in 1801. Many of the Shias killed in the raids were Iranians, some of whom closely related to the ruling Qajar dynasty of Persia. His forces quickly occupied Shahrazur and Kirkuk , and laid siege to Baghdad .
      His skills and ambitions mirrored those of his younger brother. He was a great military leader and a patron of the arts, poetry and philosophy. The origin of the family names "Dowlatshah," "Dowlatshahi," and close variations such as "Dolatshahi" are from this ancestor's title.
      Dowlatshah has been greatly respected among the people of Kermanshah ( Persian People , Kurds , Lors , and Laks ), mainly because of his contributions such as Dowlatshah mosque ( ÏæáÊÔÇå ) His mosque is located in the Javanshir Square of Kermanshah and was built in the years 1820-1822 AD. In recent years this mosque has been repaired, comprising of separate nocturnal areas along with a courtyard.

      The city of Kermanshah is located in the center of the province and has a temperate climate. Kermanshah is one of the ancient cities of Iran and it is said that, Tahmores Divband, a mythical ruler of the Pishdadian had constructed it. Some attribute its constructions to Bahram Sassanid. During the reign of Qobad I and Anushirvan Sassanid, Kermanshah was at the peak of its glory. But in the Arab attack suffered great damage. Concurrent with the Afghan attack and the fall of Esfahan , Kermanshah was destroyed due to the Ottoman invasion. But from the beginning of the 11th century AH. it began to flourish. In order to prevent a probable aggression of the Zangeneh tribe and due to its proximity with Ottoman Empire , the Safavid ruler paid great attention to this city. But in the Zandieh period upheavals increased, whereas during the Qajar era, Ottoman attacks reduced. Mohammad Ali Mirza in 1221 AH. was seated in kermanshah in order to prevent Ottoman aggression, and Khuzestan also came under his realm. An epigraph of Mohammad Ali Mirza in Taq-e-Bostan has been remained as a relic.

      The regime of Crown Prince Abbas Mirza launched an attack on Ottoman Turkey under the Mohammad Ali Mirza Dowlatshah leadership due to Turkish aid to Azerbaijani rebels in Persia. The rebels had fled from Persia and were given refuge by the Ottomans. The war opened with a Persian invasion of Turkey in the Lake Van region, and a counter-invasion by the Ottoman Pasha of Baghdad (Iraq belonged to the Ottoman Empire), who invaded western Persia. This invasion force was driven back across the border, but the newly modernized Mohammad Ali Mirza Dowlatshah army of 30,000 troops defeated 50,000 Ottoman Turks in the Battle of Erzurum near Lake Van in 1821. A peace treaty in 1823 ended the war with no changes to their mutual border.

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