846 - 874 (27 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and one descendant in this family tree.
||Hasan al-‘Askari |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox
||1 Dec 846
||1 Jan 874
||18 Nov 2009 |
- His title al-Askari derives from the Arabic word Asker which means Army. Hasan's title was reflective of his living most of his life in a garrison town. He married a Byzantine princess who was the granddaughter of a Byzantine emperor , named Narjis .
His name was Hasan and his surname was Abu Mohammad, and the well-known titles were Zaki and Askari.
Hasan al-Askari lived almost his entire life under house arrest in Samarra and under supervision of Abbasid caliphs. Despite his confinement as a prisoner, he was occasionally allowed to go to Baghdad , although it was under guard.
He was very knowledgeable and despite being confined to house arrest for almost his entire life, Hasan al-Askari was able to teach others about Islam , and even compiled a commentary on the Qur'an that would be used by later scholars.
Hasan al-Askari was like a roaring river of wisdom, which quenched the thirst of those thirsty for it. As per Khawarzami's statement, eighteen thousand men, thirsty for knowledge, benefited from Hasan al-Askari assembly. The first one out of Al-Mu'tazz 's (Abbasid caliph) court, who took an oath of allegiance for him was the famous Iranian genius and talented person named Mohammad ibn Masood Shirazi.
It is narrated that such was Hasan al-Askari's wisdom that even Kindi the teacher of Abu Nasr Farabi, was defeated and failed in discussion with him, and burnt down his book which he had written against Islam.
Hasan al-Askari was a gracious personality and an unmatched knowledge of the Quran . More than a hundred well-known wise men remained continuously present in his assembly. During a period of sixteen years, when he lived in Iraq , the territories from Syria up to Medina , particularly Iran was under his influence. Hasan al-Askari's spiritual and knowledge's influence went to the extent that it overwhelmed the court of Al-Mu'tazz and all the wise men busy in his government missionary got enamored enticed, and fascinated by Hasan al-Askari. When Hasan al-Askari traveled to Iran and crossed over the Lawasan via Qum and Rai, the people captivated and fascinated by the school of Ahl al-Bayt , gathered all around him and expressed their warm feelings and sentiments for him. He made a speech before the people of Lawasan and ordered them to build a mosque and declare it as their base.
This command of Hasan al-Askari proved so effective that they got busy in building seventy mosques on a single day. One of the courtiers of Abbasid government named Ahmed bin Khaqan, who was an enemy of the Ahl al-Bayt, and one day said, "I have not seen anybody in Samarra, among the Bani Hashim family, more pious, virtuous and chaste than Hasan al-Askari. If the caliphate goes out of the Bani Abbasid's hands then no one except Hasan al-Askari will be capable and fit for it. Then he said, "one day I was present with my father when Hasan al-Askari arrived there, although he was the enemy of the Ahl al-Bayt, yet he got up from his place, kissed his hand and made him seated upon his own place and sat before him like a pupil in front of a teacher and lent ears to his wards.
He had one son, Muhammad al-Mahdi , who was six at the time of Hasan al-Askari's death and disappeared.
Twelver Shi'ahs believe him to be the Mahdi ; a very important figure in Islamic teaching who is believed will reappear at the end of time to fill the world with justice, peace and to establish Islam as the global religion.
Hasan al-Askari was four years old, when he was exiled to Samarra along with his father. He was placed under the caliph's observation at a point, which was the center of the armed forces.
Following the death of his father, Al-Mu'tamid (Abbasid caliph) imprisoned him. The piety and chastity of Hasan al-Askari attracted the attention of all the prisoners towards him, and made them all enticed and enchanted. The officials and agents of the caliph daily reported to the caliph as to his condition. Eventually, Hasan al-Askari was killed on the 8th Rabi' al-awwal 260 AH (approximately: 1 January 874).
After his death, his brother Ja'far ibn Ali, who was counted as one of the helpers of the caliph, in order to keep the Imam safe from caliph, stood up to offer the funeral prayer upon the body of Hasan al-Askari. But as he was about to start the prayers, the son of Hasan al-Askari, who was a minor, came forward and said to his uncle to step aside because only an Imam can lead the funeral prayer of another Imam. After the funeral prayer Muhammad al-Mahdi went into the house and disappeared. This was the beginning of the Minor Occultation (ghaybat-e-sughra).
Hasan al-Askari died at the age of 28 by poison. Hasan al-Askari's funeral was attended by many people, including the Abbasid caliph Al-Mu'tamid who is accused of being secretly responsible for the poisoning of Hasan al-Askari.
Hasan al-Askari is buried in the mausoleum containing the remains of his father, Ali al-Hadi - The Al-Askari Mosque in Samarra , Iraq. The site is considered a holy shrine for the [Shi'a]]'s, though a bomb blast on 22 February 2006 destroyed much of the structure, and another bomb blast on 13 June 2007 destroyed the two remaining minarets of the Al-Askariya Mosque