Muhammad at-Taqi

Muhammad at-Taqi

Male 811 - 835  (24 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 3 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Muhammad at-Taqi  
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 8 Apr 811 
    Gender Male 
    Died 24 Nov 835 
    Person ID I670236  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 18 Nov 2009 

    Father Ali ar-Rizá,   b. 29 Dec 765,   d. 23 Aug 818  (Age 52 years) 
    Mother Sabikah,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F294971  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Umul Fazal,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 18 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F294972  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Somaneh,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    +1. Ali al-Hadi,   b. 5 Mar 828,   d. 27 Jun 868  (Age 40 years)
    Last Modified 18 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F294974  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos

  • Notes 
    • Hakima, the sister of Ali ar Rida , is reported saying that on the night of al-Taqi's birth her brother advised her to be present beside his wife. According to legend, al-Taqi at his birth looked at the sky and uttered confirmation of the oneness of Allah and the prophethood of Muhammad.

      He undertook the responsibility of Imamate at the age of eight years.
      He was a child when his father was killed. By reports, he did not act upon childish or whimsical impulses and he accepted adult responsibility and behaviours at an early age. Shi'a writers have propagated claims about his possession of extraordinary knowledge at a young age by likening his circumstances to that of the Islamic tradition of Jesus - a figure called to leadership and prophetic mission while still a child.
      According to Twelver Shi'ah Islam, the Imams are perfectly able to give judgment on all matters of religious law and their judgment is always legally correct. To that end al-Taqi supposedly receive a miraculous transfer of knowledge at the moment of the death of the previous Imam To that end it is reported, for example , that during his time in Baghdad he performed creditably in a public debate with one of the leading scholars of the city.

      After Al-Ma'mun had poisoned Ali al-Raza to death he endeavored to show that the death had come by a natural cause. Al-Ma'mun also brought al-Taqi from Medina to Baghdad with the plan of marrying him to his daughter, Umul Fazal. Although the Abbasids made strenuous attempts to forestall it, the marriage was duly solemnised.
      After living in Baghdad for eight years, al-Taqi and Umul Fazal returned to Medina. There he found his relationship with his wife strained and upon the death of al-Ma'mun in 833 his fortunes deteriorated. The successor to his father-in-law was Al-Mu'tasim . With the new Abbasid ruler in power al-Taqi was no longer protected and his interests and position were imperilled by the dislike that al-Mu'tasim had for him.
      In 835, al-Mu'tasim called al-Taqi back to Baghdad. The latter left his son Ali al-Hadi (the tenth Shi'ah Imam) with Somaneh (the mother of Ali al-Hadi) in Medina and set out for Baghdad. He resided there for one more year, becoming a well known scholar and popular in debates.

      There are various accounts of the circumstances of his death.
      Ibn Sheher Ashoob records that Al-Mu'tasim encouraged Umul Fazal to murder him. She duly poisoned him to death on the twenty-ninth of Dhu al-Qi'dah , 220 Hijra (the 26th year after his birth).
      Muhammad at-Taqi is buried beside the grave of his grandfather Musa al-Kadhim (the seventh Shi'ah Imam ) within Al Kadhimiya Mosque , in Kadhimayn , Iraq - a popular site for visitation and pilgrimage by Shi'a muslims.

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