Pope Gregorio XI

Pope Gregorio XI

Male 1329 - 1378  (49 years)    Has 4 ancestors but no descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Gregorio XI  
    Prefix Pope 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 1329  Maumont Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 27 Mar 1378  Roma, Latium, Italia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I665115  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 30 Sep 2009 

    Father Guillaume Rogier de Beaufort, II,   b. Abt 1310,   d. Bef 24 Jul 1383  (Age ~ 73 years) 
    Mother Marie de Chambon,   b. Abt 1310,   d. 1343  (Age ~ 33 years) 
    Siblings 5 siblings 
    Family ID F180614  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map Click to display
    Link to Google MapsDied - 27 Mar 1378 - Roma, Latium, Italia Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos 2 Photos

  • Notes 
    • During his pontificate vigorous measures were taken against the heresies which had broken out in Germany , England , and other parts of Europe ; a sincere effort was also made to bring about a reformation in the various monastic orders . The nineteen propositions of John Wycliffe (c. 1320-84) and the thirteen articles of the Sachsenspiegel were formally condemned by Pope Gregory XI in 1377.
      His return to Rome on January 17, 1377, is attributed in part to the stirring words of Catherine of Siena . This had been attempted by Gregory's predecessor, Urban V, without success. The project was delayed by a conflict between the pope and Florence, known as "the War of the Eight Saints " for the "Eight for War," the Florentine magistrates responsible for the conduct of the war. The pope put Florence under interdict for a time.
      Gregory XI did not long survive this removal, dying on March 27, 1378. After his death the College of Cardinals was pressured by a Roman mob, which broke into the voting chamber, to vote an Italian Pope into the papacy. This Italian Pope was Urban VI . Soon after being elected, Urban gained the Cardinals' enmity. With the encouragement of the French king, the cardinals returned to Avignon and in 1378 elected a French pope, Clement VII .
      Subsequently, the Western Schism created by the selection of a rival pope forced the people of Europe into a dilemma of papal allegiance. This schism was not fully resolved until the Council of Constance (1414-1418). The council boldly deposed the current popes and elected Martin V as their successor. The chaos of the Western Schism thus brought about reforming councils and gave them the power over who was elected, replacing (for a time) the College of Cardinals.

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