1620 - 1669 (49 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Boguslaw Radziwill |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||3 May 1620
||31 Dec 1669
||14 Sep 2009 |
||Prinz Janusz Radziwill, b. 21 Jul 1579, Vilnius , d. 6 Nov 1620, Czarlin (Age 41 years) |
||Prinzessin Elisabeth Sophie von Brandenburg, b. 3 Jul 1589, Berlin, DE , d. 24 Dec 1629, Frankfurt a.d. Oder (Age 40 years) |
||27 Jun 1613
||3 siblings |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- princely magnate and a member of the Polish-Lithuanian szlachta , or nobility. He was of the Radziwill (Radvila) noble family. By birth he was an Imperial Prince of the Holy Roman Empire
Born of the mightiest and highest resident family of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (as well as a blood descendant of King Casimir IV of Poland , and Kestutis and Vytautas , monarchs of Lithuania), Radziwi was the owner of Biržai , Dubingiai , Sluck , and Kopyta , the great Standard-bearer of Lithuania since 1638, the Master of the Stables of Lithuania since 1648, and the Starost barski. Radziwill was Governor of the Duchy of Prussia (Brandenburg-Prussia) (generalny gubernator Prus Ksi since 1657.
From 1637 to 1648 Radziwi studied abroad, in Germany , Netherlands , England , and France .
For several decades, the interests between the Radziwi family and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth had begun to drift apart, as Radziw were less satisfied with the magnate status of the family and its immense wealth and began craving for more political power.
Together with his cousin Janusz Radziwill in 1654 during The Deluge , or Swedish invasion of Poland, Bogus Radziwi began negotiations with King Charles X Gustav of Sweden aimed at breaking the Commonwealth and the Polish-Lithuanian union . They signed a treaty according to which the Swedish-Lithuanian union was founded and the Radziwi were to rule over two duchies carved up from the lands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (this was also confirmed in another treaty, the treaty of Radnot ).
The Swedish defeat and eventual retreat from the territories of the Commonwealth abruptly ended the plans of Janusz and Bogus The former died at Tykocin castle besieged by forces loyal to the Commonwealth, while Bogus retreated with his forces to Prussia, where he supported Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg , against the Polish king. In the Battle of Prostki on October 8 , 1656 , Bogus forces were decimated by the Commonwealth forces under Hetman Wincenty Korwin Gosiewski . Radziwi himself was captured by the Tatars , who initially enslaved him and wanted to transport him to Crimea . After fierce discussions with the Tatar commanders, he was handed over to Gosiewski.
Boguslaw married Anna Maria Radziwi the only daughter of his relative and collaborator, the late prince Janusz. In turn, this couple had only one surviving child, a daughter, Ludwika Karolina Radziwill . Both Bogus and Janusz's lines of the Radziwi family became extinct by the next generation.
In Poland it is believed that Bogus and Janusz's only lasting achievement was to tarnish the Radziwi family name for years to come with their treason, eclipsing the deeds of other Radziwi like Michal Kazimierz Radziwill , who fought for the Crown and the Commonwealth against the Swedes. Bogus is the archvillain in a novel by Henryk Sienkiewicz , The Deluge , which is mandatory school reading in Poland, and is also the basis for a very popular eponymous film .
Bogus died in exile in Königsberg in Brandenburg-Prussia. He was the last Calvinist male member of his family. His estates and the task to protect the Polish Reformed Church passed to his only daughter, Princess Ludwika Karolina.