742 - 814 (71 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||4 Feb 742
||28 Jan 814
||Aachen, Nrh-Wf, D
||Geneagraphie | Voorouders HW, Ahnen BvS
||This person is also Charlemagne at Wikipedia |
||19 Mar 2010 |
||King Pepin der Franken, III, "the Short", b. 715, Jupille , d. 24 Sep 768, St. Denis (Age 53 years) |
||Bertrada de Laon, 'au Grand Pied', b. 720, d. 12 Jul 783, Choisy-au-Bac (Age 63 years) |
||10 siblings |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Hildegarde von Vinzgau, b. 758, d. 30 Apr 783 (Age 25 years) |
||30 Apr 771
| ||1. Karl der Karolingen, b. 772, d. 4 Dec 811 (Age 39 years)|
|+||2. King Pepin I Carloman of Italy, b. Apr 773, d. 8 Jul 810 (Age ~ 37 years)|
| ||3. Adelheid der Karolingen, b. 774, d. Aug 774 (Age 0 years)|
|+||4. Rotrude der Karolingen, b. 775, d. 8 Jun 810 (Age 35 years)|
|+||5. Emperor Louis der Karolingen, I, "le Pieux", b. 16 Apr 778, Chasseneuil, Vienna , d. 20 Jun 840, Ingelheim (Age 62 years)|
| ||6. Lothar der Karolingen, b. 16 Apr 778, d. Aug 780, Chasseneuil (Age 2 years)|
|+||7. Bertha der Karolingen, b. 780, d. 829 (Age 49 years)|
| ||8. Gisele der Karolingen, b. May 781, d. 814 (Age ~ 32 years)|
| ||9. Hildegard der Karolingen, b. 782, d. 9 Jun 783 (Age 1 years)|
|+||10. Kunigunde, b. Abt 772, d. 15 Jun 835 (Age ~ 63 years)|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- THE CAROLINGIANS
This dynasty of kings and emperors reigned over part of Western Europe from the middle of the 8th century to the 10th century. It gets its name from its most illustrious member, Charlemagne.
The founder of the dynasty was Pepin the Short who put an end to the Merovingian dynasty in 751 A.D. by removing Childeric III from the throne and having himself proclaimed King of the Franks.
His son, Charlemagne, continued to conquer territories and unified much of Western Europe before having himself crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 A.D. However, in 843 A.D, the empire was divided between Charlemagne's three grandsons and its western part produced the first French territory,Francia occidentalis. It was this country which was ruled by a succession of Carolingian kings from Charles the Bald to Louis V, over a period of 150 years.
The 10th century saw the weakening of the Carolingian monarchy which was incapable of combating the division of the kingdom of France into principalities and unable to fight off foreign invasions. On several occasions, the kingdom's leading noblemen elected a king from the Robertian family (888 to 898 A.D. and 922 to 936 A.D). The death of King Louis V the Lazy in 987 A.D. marked the end of the French branch of the Carolingian dynasty.
King of the Franks (768-814), Holy Roman Emperor (800-814).
Charlemagne, the elder son of Pepin the Short and Bertha, became King of the Franks upon the death of his father in 768 A.D. but had to share the kingdom with his brother Carloman. When he, in turn, died in 771 A.D, Charlemagne became sole monarch of the Franks at the head of a kingdom that he was to extend considerably, making him one of the most powerful sovereigns of his day. He was a soldier and conqueror, spending most of his life at war. In 773 A.D, he travelled to Italy at the behest of Pope Adrian I who was under threat from King Desiderius of Lombardy. The king was defeated and exiled and Charlemagne mounted the Lombard throne. This action renewed the alliance between the kingdom of the Franks and the papacy. In 778 A.D, Charlemagne led his first expedition into Spain but it failed (the campaign was marked by the death of Roland at Roncesvalles). Not until twenty years later did he succeed in crushing the regions to the north of the Ebro. In 781 A.D, in acknowledgement of certain regional particularities, he appointed his son Pepin King of Italy and his son Louis King of Aqutaine. Charlemagne waged war one last time in 788 A.D. against the rebel Duke Tassilo III of Bavaria, deposing him and annexing his territory. However, the longest and most difficult war of his reign was the struggle against the Saxons, a pagan Germanic tribe that was posing a threat to Austrasia. The conflict lasted from 722 to 803 A.D. It involved countless expeditions and Charlemagne was forced to have recourse to brutal methods in order to overcome them once and for all. An uprising led by Widukind broke out in 782, followed by a revolt in 793 A.D. These uprisings forced the Franks to wage war yet again. Eventually, Charlemagne had to implement large-scale deportations of Saxons, replacing them by Frankish settlers. In order to protect this border of his kingdom, he waged war against the Friesians and Avars. All around the Empire, he created "marches", quasi-military governments whose leaders, the `'margraves" were responsible for the defence of the territory. Through his conquests, Charlemagne became the master of an empire that covered much of Western Europe. No other sovereign had achieved such power since 476 A.D. In 800 A.D, Charlemagne travelled to Rome to set Leo Ill back on the papal throne after he had been removed by a revolt of noblemen. On 25th December that same year, Pope Leo Ill crowned him Emperor. This marked the restoration of an imperial title in Western Europe and gave Charlemagne even greater prestige. In domestic affairs, his reign was marked by an equally outstanding effort at administrative organisation. He divided the kingdom into counties (the `'counts" were then at the tip of the pyramidal feudal system), instituted regular meetings with lay and ecclesiastical dignitaries, promulgated capitularies and sent 'missi dominici' out into the provinces to monitor the counts' administration. As regards currency, he confirmed the royal monopoly on the minting of coinage. The sovereign was surrounded by a large number of civil servants and advisers who constituted, with their monarch, central government. The Court followed Charlemagne everywhere he went and it was not until 807 A.D. that he decided on Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) as his capital. Finally, his reign was remarkable for its intellectual and artistic revival, with the opening of schools, the presence at Court of educated men such as Alcuin, Eginhard and Paul Diacre, and the construction of religious buildings. Charlemagne had four legally-recognised wives and at least six mistresses, and fathered eighteen children. In 806 A.D, again following the Frankish tradition, he provided for the division of his kingdom between his three sons but Pepin died in 810 A.D. and Charles in 811. On Charlemagne's death in 814 A.D, his grandson Bernard became King of Italy and his last surviving son, Louis, succeeded him at the head of the empire.
Karel de Grote, werd Kerstmis 800 door paus Leo II tot keizer gekroond. Koning vanaf 768, keizer 800-814.
Koning der Franken, Langobarden, keizer en beschermheer van Rome.