Abt 164 - 238 (~ 74 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox
||29 Jul 238
||Roma, Latium, Italia
||Geneagraphie | Voorouders HW
||19 Mar 2010 |
ermordet, von den Prätorianern durch die Straßen geschleift, primus pilus (Obercenturio), trib. mil. praetor, procos. in Bithynien, Griechenland u. Narbonensis, legatus Germaniae, cos. I. 217, cos. II. 234, praef. urb. um 230, Ks. April 238 (zusammen mit Balbinus)
is certain is that Pupienus, though he may not have been born a patrician , was a leading member of the senatorial class during the latter half of the Severan dynasty. He may have come from the Etruscan city of Volterra , where inscriptions relating to his daughter, who carried the highly aristocratic name Pupienia Sextia Paulina Cethegilla, show that Pupienus (or his father, who need not have been the blacksmith claimed by the Historia Augusta) married into the ancient Roman noble family of the Sextii. He was twice consul - the date of his first consulship is unknown, but was probably about 213 . His second consulship was in 234 and in that year he was City Prefect of Rome and gained a reputation for severity, to the extent that he became unpopular with the Roman mob. In addition to his daughter, Pupienus had two sons, Tiberius Clodius Pupienus Pulcher Maximus, who was a suffect consul about 235 , and Marcus Pupienus Africanus, consul in 236 as colleague of the Emperor Maximinus Thrax , and one daughter, Pupiena Sextia Paulina Cethegilla. The second consulship, the city prefecture, and the son as consul of the year with the reigning Emperor, are all signs that the family was influential and in high favour. Evidently they owned property in Tibur outside Rome, where Pupienus Pulcher Maximus was a patron of the town.
According to Edward Gibbon (drawing on the narratives of Herodian and the Historia Augusta):
The mind of Maximus [Pupienus] was formed in a rougher mould [than that of Balbinus]. By his valour and abilities he had raised himself from the meanest origin to the first employments of the state and army. His victories over the Sarmatians and the Germans, the austerity of his life, and the rigid impartiality of his justice whilst he was prefect of the city, commanded the esteem of a people whose affections were engaged in favour of the more amiable Balbinus. The two colleagues had both been consul (Balbinus had twice enjoyed that honourable office), both had been named among the twenty lieutenants of the senate; and, since the one was sixty and the other seventy-four years old, they had both attained the full maturity of age and experience.
When the Gordians were proclaimed Emperors in Africa, the Senate appointed a committee of twenty men, including Pupienus, to co-ordinate operations against Maximinus. On the news of the Gordians' defeat, the Senate met in closed session in the Temple of Jupiter and voted Pupienus and Balbinus as co-emperors, though they were soon forced to co-opt Gordian III as a colleague. Pupienus marched to Ravenna , where he oversaw the campaign against Maximinus; after the latter was assassinated by his soldiers just outside Aquileia he despatched both Maximinus's troops and his own back to their provinces and returned to Rome with just the Praetorian Guard and his German bodyguard. Balbinus had failed to keep public order in the capital. The sources suggest that Balbinus suspected Pupienus of wanting to supplant him, and they were soon living in different parts of the Imperial palace, where they were later assassinated by disaffected elements in the Praetorians, who resented serving under Senate-appointed emperors.