Abt 1150 - 1207 (~ 57 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Davit Soslan |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||14 Nov 2009 |
- David Soslan was a member of the royal house which ruled Alania (Ovseti or Oseti of the Georgian sources; hence, the modern designation of Ossetia ), an Orthodox Christian kingdom in North Caucasus , and frequently intermarried with the Bagrationi Dynasty of Georgia. A relatively later chronicler, writing during the reign of George IV Lasha (son of Tamar and David Soslan; 1212-1223), ascribes David Soslan, though vaguely, the Bagrationi ancestry. A version of David's Bagratid origin found further development in the works of the 18th-century Georgian scholar Prince Vakhushti Bagrationi . He considered David Soslan a descendant of George I of Georgia (1014-1027) and his Alan wife Alde who were the parents of Demetrius (Demetre), an unfortunate pretender to the Georgian crown whose son, David, was forced by Bagrat IV of Georgia to flee to Alania. According to Vakhushti, David and his descendants - Aton and Jadaron - married into the Alan ruling family and became "kings of the Osi [i.e., Alans]". This Jadaron is said to have been David Soslan's father. While this account is considered credible by some scholars of Georgia, the issue of David's dynastic origin still remains controversial.
An interesting passage from the 13th-century anonymous Georgian Histories and Eulogies of Sovereigns relates that David was under the patronage of Tamar's paternal aunt Rusudan and came of "the descendants [ literally, "sons"] of Ephraim, which are Osi, handsome and strong in battle." The Georgian scholar Korneli Kekelidze suggested that David Soslan's family - the "Ephraimids" - might have claimed descent from the biblical Ephraim , and compared this family legend to that of the Bagratids who considered themselves descendants of David , the second king of the Israelites .
In 1946, the North Ossetian archaeologist Evgeniya Pchelina announced that, during the digs at the Nuzal chapel in the Ardon Gorge, North Ossetian ASSR , she discovered the tomb allegedly belonging to David Soslan whom she identified with the certain Soslan mentioned in the Georgian asomtavruli inscription in the chapel, and suggested that David Soslan might have been a member of the Tsarazon family, a heroic clan from Nuzal known to the Ossetic folklore tradition. However, the hypothesis has not been accepted by most Georgian scholars who regard Pchelina's conclusions doubtful.
Tamar married David Soslan at the Didube Palace near Tbilisi between 1187 and 1189 after she divorced his first husband, the Rus' prince Yuri Bogolyubsky . As the Armenian chronicler Mkhitar Gosh reports in his Ishatarakan ("Memorabilia"), Tamar "married a man from the Alan kingdom, her relative on the mother's side, whose name was Soslan, named David upon his ascension to the [Georgian] throne".
David Soslan's status of consort, as well as his presence in art, on charters, and on coins, was strictly dictated by the necessity of male aspects of kingship, but he remained a subordinate ruler who shared throne with Tamar but had no independent authority, his power being derived from his reigning spouse.
David energetically supported Tamar's expansionist policy and was largely responsible for Georgia's military successes. All medieval Georgian sources are unequivocal in praising his handsomeness, military talents, valor, and devoutness to Tamar. In the 1190s, David Soslan led the Georgian raids against Barda , Erzurum , Geghark'unik' , Beylaqan and Ganja . His victories over the Ildegizids of Azerbaijan at Shamkor (1195) and the Seljuqids of Rüm at Basian (1202) secured the Georgian positions in the eastern and western Caucasian marches, respectively. He died shortly thereafter, c. 1207.
Tamar and David were the parents of the two successive sovereigns of Georgia, King George IV Lasha (r. 1212-1223) and Queen Rusudan (r. 1223-1245).