1737 - 1805 (68 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||William Petty-FitzMaurice |
||Earl Prime Minister |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox
||2 May 1737
||Dublin, Leinster, Éire
||13 May 1737
||7 May 1805
||Landsdowne House, Berkeley Square, London
||Aft 7 May 1805
||High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England
||23 Mar 2022 |
||Sophia Carteret, b. 26 Aug 1745, d. 5 Jan 1771 (Age 25 years) |
||3 Feb 1765
||Chapel Royal, St James Palace, London
||20 Jan 2003 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Louisa FitzPatrick, b. 1755, d. 7 Aug 1789, Shelburne House, Berkeley Square, Westminster, London, England (Age 34 years) |
||19 Jul 1779
||St George's Church, Bloomsbury, London
|+||1. Marquess Henry FitzMaurice, b. 2 Jul 1780, Shelburne House, Berkeley Square, Westminster, London, England , d. 31 Jan 1863, Bowood House, Wiltshire (Age 82 years)|
||7 Nov 2007 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- 1761 2nd Earl of Shelburne
1782/07 Prime Minister of Great Britain until 1783
1784/12/06 1st Marquis of Landsdowne
2nd Earl of Shelburne (from 1761)
Baron Dunkeron and Lord Wycombe
Baron of Chipping Wycombe
Earl Wycombe of Chipping Wycombe
Viscount Calne and Calstone
Prime Minister of England (Jul 1782-Apr 1783)
1st Marquis of Lansdowne (from 6 Dec 1784)
William was educated privately and at Christ Church, Oxford (1755-1757).
He served in the army during the Seven Years' War (which lasted from 1756 to 1763 and included the "French and Indian War" in North America).
William was elected to Parliament from the borough of Chipping Wycombe in 1760 and 1761. Upon his father's death in May 1761, he became ineligible to sit in the House of Commons and moved to the House of Lords.
In 1763, William became first lord of trade in the Grenville ministry but resigned within a few months. In 1766, he served as secretary of state for the southern department under William Pitt. He resigned in 1768. In 1782, he became home secretar y under Lord Rockingham and was appointed prime minister in July 1782 upon the death of Rockingham. While in office, he completed the negotiation of the treaty of Versailles, making peace with the former colonies and bringing an end to the America n Revolution. The final terms relating to the United States of America were similar to those that William had proposed from the beginning of the Revolution. William was defeated in 1783.
William was created Marquis of Lansdowne in 1784 and, thereafter, was no longer active in political affairs.
Boston, Massachusetts, and seven nearby communities have each named one of their streets "Lansdowne" to memorialize the 1st Marquis of Lansdowne because of his attitude toward the American colonies during the American Revolution. He consistentl y opposed the policies of George III towards the colonies in North America. He paid a political price for taking this position, which is still characterized in some English texts as "arrogance and aloofness".
The Lansdowne Portrait
In April 1796, Senator William Bingham of Philadelphia and his wife, Anne Bingham, commissioned Gilbert Stuart to paint a portrait of George Washington as a present for the Marquis of Lansdowne. This portrait, generally known as the "Lansdowne Por trait", was the first full length portrait of President Washington. Sen. Bingham described the Marquis as "a warm friend to the United States".
Ownership of the portrait eventually passed to Lord Harry Dalmeny whose family had owned the painting since c.1900. He said that he planned to sell the portrait in 2001.
On March 14th, the Las Vegas-based Donald W. Reynolds Foundation donated $30 million to provide $20 million for the purchase of the painting, $4 million to pay for a permanent installation for the "Lansdowne" at the portrait gallery, and $6 millio n to finance a tour of the Lansdowne portrait around the United States. The portrait had been on anonymous loan to the National Portrait Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution since 1968. It is now owned by the National Portrait Gallery.