James Tyrell

James Tyrell

Male - 1502    Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name James Tyrell 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 May 1502 
    Person ID I32323  Geneagraphie
    Last Modified 4 Jul 2006 

    Father William Tyrell,   b. Abt 1416, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1459, Gipping, Suffolk Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years) 
    Mother Margaret Darcy,   b. Abt 1425, Gipping, Suffolk Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Abt 1444  Gipping, Suffolk Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 2 siblings 
    Family ID F47818  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Anne Arundell,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 23 Mar 1469 
     1. Thomas Tyrell,   d. Yes, date unknown
    +2. Anne Tyrrell,   b. Abt 1480, Gipping Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 11 Nov 1529  (Age ~ 49 years)
    +3. James Tyrell,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 4 Jul 2006 
    Family ID F13473  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • of Gipping Suffolk; master of the horse to Richard III and supposed instrumental murderer of the princess in the Tower. Beheaded on the Tower Hill having confessed.
      Two sons

      A strong Yorkist, he was knighted after the battle of Tewkesbury on 3 May 1471. In 1473 he was appointed to escort the Countess of Warwick to the north of England and, in December 1477, served as member of parliament for Cornwall.

      In the war with Scotland he fought under Richard, then Duke of Gloucester, and was by him made a knight-banneret on 24 July 1482. The same year, when the office of constable held by Richard was put into commission, Tyrell was one of those appointed to execute it. At the coronation of Richard III he took part in some capacity. His brother Thomas was master of the horse, and just afterwards Sir James was made master of the henchmen; and, no doubt on his brother resigning what was meant to be a temporary office, also master of the horse.

      He became a knight of the king's body and, on 5 November 1483, received commissions to array the men of Wales against Buckingham. He was also a commissioner for the forfeited estates of Buckingham and others in Wales and the marches. On 10 April 1484 he benefited at the expense of the traitor Sir John Fogge.

      On 9 August 1484 he was made steward of the duchy of Cornwall for life; then on 13 September 1484 he became sheriff of the lordship of Wenlock, steward of the lordships of Newport Newlock, Kevoeth Meredith, Lavenitherry, and Lanthoesant, for life. At some time in the reign of Richard III he was made one of the chamberlains of the exchequer. Just before the battle of Bosworth he was clearly in the king's confidence as, though holding a command in Glamorgan and Morgannock, he was sent to Gaisnes, certainly no place for trimmers.

      Henry VII took him into favour, or at all events employed him. He lost the post of chamberlain of the exchequer and his Welsh offices, but on 19 February 1486 he was made sheriff of Glamorgan and Morgannock, with all it involved, including the constableship of Cardiff Castle, for life, at a salary of 100 pounds a year.

      He received a general pardon on 16 June 1486, another on 16 July following. These two pardons are important, as Sir Clements Markham considers that it was between these dates that the murder, for which Sir James Tyrell is held responsible, of the princes in The Tower took place.

      On 15 December 1486 Tyrell is mentioned as lieutenant of the castle of Guisnes in a commission appointing ambassadors to treat with those of Maximilian, and on 30 August 1487 he received the stewardship of the lordships of Ogmore in South Wales. In 1489 Tyrell was present at the battle of Dixmuiden and took a prominent part in the ceremonial attending the making of the peace of Etaples in 1492; he was also present at the creation of Prince Henry as Duke of York in 1494.

      In the summer of 1499 Edmund de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk, fled from England and, on his way to the Netherlands, he stayed some time with Sir James Tyrell at Guisnes. Henry VII was merciful or politic, and in September 1499 sent Sir Richard Guildford and Richard Hatton to persuade the Earl to return, and, though he had left Guisnes, he did so; Tyrell was ordered to come with him. He may have been regarded with suspicion, but nevertheless he was one of those prominent in 1501 at the reception of Catharine of Aragon.

      About July or August 1501 Suffolk again fled, and Tyrell was induced to surrender Guisnes by a trick, which is alluded to in a letter of Suffolk written just after Tyrell's death. With his son, Sir James Tyrell was imprisoned in the Tower. He had helped in the first flight of the Earl of Suffolk, and doubtless through his agents Henry VII had certain knowledge of his treason. On 6 May 1502 he was beheaded on Tower Hill.

      Knowing he was to die, Tyrell (it is said while in the Tower) made a confession of his guilt as to the princes; Dighton, his accomplice, was also examined and confessed.

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