1267 - 1327 (60 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Jaime d' Aragón et Sicilia |
||II, 'the Just' |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||10 Aug 1267
||2 Nov 1327
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Blanka d' Anjou de Sicilia, b. 1280, d. 14 Oct 1310, Barcelona, Esp (Age 30 years) |
||29 Oct 1295
| ||1. Jaume d' Aragón et Sicilia, b. 29 Sep 1296, d. Jul 1334, Tarragona (Age 37 years)|
|+||2. Alfonso IV d' Aragón, b. Feb 1299, d. 24 Jan 1336 (Age ~ 36 years)|
|+||3. Maria d' Aragón et Sicilia, b. 1299, d. 1316, Sijena (Age 17 years)|
|+||4. Constança d' Aragón, b. 1 Jan 1300, Valladolid, España , d. 19 Aug 1327, Garcia Muñoz (Age 27 years)|
| ||5. Juan d' Aragón et Sicilia, b. 1304, d. 19 Aug 1334, Pobo, Zaragoza (Age 30 years)|
|+||6. Elizabeth d' Aragón, b. 1305, d. 12 Jul 1330, Wien, Österreich (Age 25 years)|
|+||7. Conde Pedro d' Aragón, b. 1305, d. 4 Nov 1381, Barcelona, Esp (Age 76 years)|
| ||8. Blanca d' Aragón et Sicilia, b. 1307, d. 1348, Barcelona, Esp (Age 41 years)|
| ||9. Ramon Berenguer d' Aragón et Sicilia, b. Aug 1308, d. 1366, Barcelona, Esp (Age ~ 57 years)|
| ||10. Violante d' Aragón et Sicilia, b. Oct 1310, Barcelona, Esp , d. 19 Jul 1353, Pedrola, , Aragón, España (Age ~ 42 years)|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- King of Aragón 1291-1327
King of Sicily 1285-1296
King of Sicily (as James I) from 1285 to 1296 and King of Aragon and Valencia and Count of Barcelona from 1291 to 1327. In 1297 he was granted the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica . He used the Latin title Iacobus Dei gracia rex Aragonum, Valencie, Sardinie, et Corsice ac comes Barchinone.
He succeeded his father as King of Sicily in 1285. Upon the death of his brother Alfonso III in 1291, he succeeded also to the throne of the Crown of Aragon . he spent May of that year in Catania , inspiring the local monk Atanasiu di Iaci to write the Vinuta di re Iapicu about his time there. By a peace treaty with Charles II of Anjou in 1296, he agreed to give up Sicily, but the Sicilians instead installed his brother Frederick on the throne.
Due to the fact that his brother, Frederick , would not withdraw from the island, Pope Boniface VIII asked James II, along with Charles II of Naples, to remove him. As an enticement to do this the Pope invested James II with the title to Sardinia and Corsica, as well as appointing him papal gonfalonier. Because of his inability to disguise his apathy on the matter, he returned to Aragon. Frederick reigned until his death in 1327.
By the Treaty of Anagni in 1295, he returned the Balearic Islands to James II of Majorca . Aragon retained control over the continental territories of the Majorca kingdom - Montpellier and Roussillon - throughout James's reign. In 1298, by the Treaty of Argilers , James of Majorca recognised the suzerainty of James of Aragon.
During the period that followed his return to Aragon, James II wanted to gain access to the Muslim world in the south, from which Castile restricted Aragon. In order to achieve this goal, he formed an alliance with the enemies of the adolescent king of Castile, Fernando VI. James II wanted Murcia in order to give his kingdom access to Granada. The allied forces entered from all directions in 1296, where James II was victorious in capturing Murcia and held it until 1304
It was probably during his reign at Sicily (1285-1291) that James composed his only surviving piece of Occitan poetry, a religious dansa dedicated to the Virgin Mary , Mayre de Deu. A contemporary, Arnau de Vilanova , wrote a verse-by-verse Latin commentary of the dansa in 1305. The metaphor James uses has been analysed by Alfred Jeanroy , who sees similarities in the Roman de Fauvel .
James begins by comparing the Church to a ship in a storm, poorly guided by its pilot (nauchier, i.e. the Pope ):
Mayre de Deu e fylha, - Mother of God and daughter,
verge humil e vera, - virgin humble and true,
vostra nau vos apela - your ship appeals [cries out] to you
que l'aydetz, quar perylha. - that you help it, because it is imperiled.
The literary quality of the verses is neither astounding nor disappointing, but the song was clearly written at a moment when James was in conflict with the Papacy, perhaps with a propagandistic end, to prove his piety and fidelity to the Church if not the Papacy. The final verses ask Mary to protect him, the king, from sin:
Mayre, tu.m dona forsa - Mother, grant me power
contra ma leugeria, - against my weakness,
e.m garda de la via de peccat, - and guard me from the way
que.ns exylha. - of sin, that destroys.