Prime Minister Marquess Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil

Prime Minister Marquess Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil

Male 1830 - 1903  (73 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 61 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil 
    Prefix Prime Minister Marquess 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 3 Feb 1830  Hatfield House Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 22 Aug 1903  Hatfield House, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I132594  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 23 Feb 2008 

    Father Marquess James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil,   b. 17 Apr 1791, Arlington Street, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Apr 1868, Hatfield, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years) 
    Mother Frances Mary Gascoyne,   b. 25 Jan 1802,   d. 15 Oct 1839  (Age 37 years) 
    Married 2 Feb 1821  Mayfair, Middlesex, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 3 siblings 
    Family ID F53774  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Georgina Charlotte Alderson,   b. Abt 1827,   d. 20 Nov 1899, Hatfield House, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 72 years) 
    Married 11 Jul 1857  Muster Sq., Paddington, , Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    +1. Beatrix Maude Cecil,   b. 11 Apr 1858,   d. 1950  (Age 91 years)
    +2. Marquess James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-Cecil,   b. 23 Oct 1861,   d. 4 Apr 1947  (Age 85 years)
     3. Robert Edgar Algernon Gascoyne-Cecil,   b. 14 Sep 1864,   d. 24 Nov 1958  (Age 94 years)
     4. Gwendolyn Cecil,   b. Between 1841 and 1875,   d. 1945  (Age ~ 104 years)
    +5. Rev. Rupert Ernest William Cecil,   b. 9 Mar 1863,   d. 23 Jun 1936  (Age 73 years)
    +6. Col. Edward Gascoyne-Cecil,   b. 12 Jul 1867,   d. 1918  (Age 50 years)
     7. Hugh Cecil,   b. 1869,   d. 1956  (Age 87 years)
    Last Modified 23 Feb 2008 
    Family ID F31463  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil
    Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil

  • Notes 
    • 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

      Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.

      A supporter of the Conservative Party Cecil was elected to represent Stamford in 1853. He was granted the title of Lord Cranborne on the death of his brother in 1865. Cranborne played an important role in the defeat of the Parliamentary Reform Bill proposed by William Gladstone in 1866.
      After Gladstone was forced to resign from office, Cranborne became Secretary for India in Lord Derby's government. He strongly opposed the proposal by Benjamin Disraeli to introduce his own parliamentary reform bill. When he realised he was unable to stop Disraeli's 1867 Reform Act he resigned from the cabinet.
      In 1868 Robert Cecil succeeded his father as the 3rd Marquis of Salisbury. In 1874 Salisbury returned to government as Benjamin Disraeli's Secretary for India. Four years later he replaced Lord Derby as Foreign Secretary.
      On the death of Benjamin Disraeli in 1878 the Marquis of Salisbury became leader of the Conservative Party. However, he had to wait until the general election of 1885 before he became Prime Minister. He was replaced by William Gladstone briefly in 1886 but also headed the Conservative governments between 1886-92 and 1895-1902. Salisbury supported the policies that led to the Boer War (1899-1902). The Marquis of Salisbury retired from public life in July 1902 and died the following year.

      (1) Marquis of Salisbury, letter to Lord Randolf Churchill (7th November, 1886)
      We have to give some satisfaction to both the upper classes and the masses. This is especially difficult with the upper classes - because all legislation is rather unwelcome to them, as tending to disturb a state of things with which they are satisfied. It is evident, therefore, that we must work at less speed and at a lower temperature than our opponents. Our bills must be tentative and cautious, not sweeping and dramatic.

      (2) G. C. Bartley, a Conservative Party Agent, was angry when the Marquis of Salisbury's Cabinet included two of his nephews (22nd October, 1898)
      It becomes clearer after every appointment that though men may work their hearts out and make every sacrifice financial and otherwise when the Conservative party is in opposition and in difficulties, yet in prosperous times all is forgotten and all honours, emoluments and places are reserved for the friends and relations of the favoured few, many of whom were in the nursery while some of us were fighting uphill battles for the party.

      (3) J. A. Gorst, helped to reorganise the Conservative Party in the 1870s. In The Fortnightly Review in 1882 he wrote an article called Tory Democracy.
      Unfortunately for Conservatism, its leaders belong solely to one class; they are a clique composed of members of the aristocracy, land-owners, and adherents whose chief merit is subserviency. The party chiefs live in an atmosphere in which a sense of their own importance and of the importance of their class interests and privileges is exaggerated, and to which the opinions of the common people can scarcely penetrate.

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