Prime Minister Spencer Perceval

Prime Minister Spencer Perceval[1]

Male 1762 - 1812  (49 years)    Has more than 100 ancestors and 35 descendants in this family tree.

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  • Name Spencer Perceval  [2
    Prefix Prime Minister 
    Relationshipwith Francis Fox
    Born 1 Nov 1762 
    Gender Male 
    Died 11 May 1812 
    Person ID I132536  Geneagraphie
    Links To This person is also Spencer Perceval at Wikipedia 
    Last Modified 26 Oct 2016 

    Father Earl John Perceval, IV,   b. 24 Feb 1711, Westminster, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Oct 1770, Pall Mall, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Mother Baronesse Catherine Compton,   b. Abt 1740, Cintra, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Jun 1784, Langley, Buckinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years) 
    Married 26 Jan 1756  Charlton, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Siblings 3 siblings 
    Family ID F53729  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Jane Wilson,   b. 7 Jul 1769,   d. 27 Jan 1844  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 10 Aug 1790  [2
     1. Frances Perceval,   b. ca 1792,   d. 29 Apr 1877  (Age ~ 85 years)
    +2. Spencer Perceval,   b. 11 Sep 1795,   d. 16 Sep 1859  (Age 64 years)
     3. Frederick James Perceval,   b. 06.10.1797,   d. 22.07.1861  (Age 64 years)
     4. Henry Perceval,   b. 02.08.1799,   d. 01.04.1885  (Age 86 years)
     5. Dudley Montagu Perceval,   b. 22 Oct 1800,   d. 2 Sep 1856  (Age 55 years)
    +6. Isabella Perceval,   b. 1802,   d. 16 Jul 1886  (Age 84 years)
     7. John Thomas Perceval,   b. 14 Feb 1803,   d. 28 Feb 1876  (Age 73 years)
     8. Ernest Augustus Perceval,   b. 17 May 1807,   d. 19 Jan 1896  (Age 88 years)
     9. Jane Perceval,   d. 13 Jan 1824
     10. Maria Perceval,   d. 19 Jan 1877
     11. Louisa Perceval,   d. 13 Sep 1891
     12. Frederica Elizabeth Perceval,   d. 12 May 1900
    Last Modified 17 Mar 2017 
    Family ID F53740  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Spencer Perceval
    Spencer Perceval

  • Notes 
    • Prime Minister 1809-1812

      After being educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge, he became a lawyer.
      In 1796 Perceval was elected MP for Northampton. In the House of Commons Perceval became a strong supporter of William Pitt and the Tory group in Parliament. When Henry Addington became Prime Minister in 1801 he appointed Perceval as his solicitor-general. The following year he was promoted to attorney-general.
      When Lord Portland became Prime Minister in 1807 he appointed Perceval as his Chancellor of the Exchequer. Perceval got on well with George III and loyally supported the king's opposition to Catholic Emancipation. When Portland died in 1809, Spencer Perceval accepted the king offer to become Prime Minister. Perceval's period of power coincided with an economic depression and considerable industrial unrest. This resulted in his government introducing repressive methods against the Luddites. This included the Frame-Breaking Act which made the destruction of machines a capital offence.
      Perceval held the post until 1812 when he became the only British Prime Minister in history to be assassinated. Spencer Perceval was shot when entering the lobby of the House of Commons by John Bellingham, a failed businessman from Liverpool. Bellingham, who blamed Perceval for his financial difficulties, was later hanged for his crime.

      (1) After Spencer Perceval's assassination in 1812, Stuart Wortley, made a speech in the House of Commons about the former Prime Minister (21st May, 1812)
      Mr. Perceval had great talents. He was anxious to see an administration formed upon a liberal basis, calculated to comprehend the talents and influences of the country, and to promote its security and honour.

      (2) Archibald Prentice, wrote about the Luddite disturbances in April 1812, in his book Historical Sketches and Personal Recollections of Manchester.
      On Saturday, the 18th April, a numerous body of women, chiefly women, assembled at the potato market, Shude Hill, where the sellers were asking 14s. and 15s. per load (252 lbs.) for potatoes. Some of the women began forcibly to take possession of the articles; but the civil and military power interposing, to fix a sort of maximum, for eight shillings per load, at which they were sold in small portions. On Monday a cart carrying fourteen loads of meal was stopped, and the meal carried away. On 27th April a riotous assembly took place at Middleton. The weaving factory of Mr. Burton and Sons had been previously threatened in consequence of their mode of weaving being done by the operation of steam. The factory was protected by soldiers, so strongly as to be impregnable to their assault; they then flew to the house of Mr. Emanuel Burton, where they wreaked their vengeance by setting it on fire. On Friday, the 24th April, a large body of weavers and mechanics began to assemble about midday, with the avowed intention of destroying the power-looms, together with the whole of the premises, at Westhoughton. The military rode at full speed to Westhoughton; and on their arrival were surprised to find that the premises were entirely destroyed, while not an individual could be seen to whom attached any suspicion of having acted a part in this truly dreadful outrage.

      (3) Lord Byron, speech in the House of Lords (27th February, 1812)
      During the short time I recently passed in Nottingham, not twelve hours elapsed without some fresh act of violence; and on that day I left the the county I was informed that forty Frames had been broken the preceding evening, as usual, without resistance and without detection.
      Such was the state of that county, and such I have reason to believe it to be at this moment. But whilst these outrages must be admitted to exist to an alarming extent, it cannot be denied that they have arisen from circumstances of the most unparalleled distress: the perseverance of these miserable men in their proceedings, tends to prove that nothing but absolute want could have driven a large, and once honest and industrious, body of the people, into the commission of excesses so hazardous to themselves, their families, and the community.
      They were not ashamed to beg, but there was none to relieve them: their own means of subsistence were cut off, all other employment preoccupied; and their excesses, however to be deplored and condemned, can hardly be subject to surprise.
      As the sword is the worst argument than can be used, so should it be the last. In this instance it has been the first; but providentially as yet only in the scabbard. The present measure will, indeed, pluck it from the sheath; yet had proper meetings been held in the earlier stages of these riots, had the grievances of these men and their masters (for they also had their grievances) been fairly weighed and justly examined, I do think that means might have been devised to restore these workmen to their avocations, and tranquillity to the country.

      (4) Colonel Fletcher of Bolton was shocked by how people in his town responded to the death of Spencer Perceval.
      The people expressed joy at the news. A man came running down the street, leaping in the air, waving his hate round his head, and shouting with frantic joy, "Perceval is shot, hurrah! Perceval is shot, hurrah!"

  • Sources 
    1. [S190] British Pedigrees, Peter Barns-Graham, (Stirnet), Perceval of Arden, Perceval of Egmont, Perceval of Temple House, Perceval of Tykenham (Reliability: 2).

    2. [S117] Europäische Stammtafeln (Isenburg edition), Prince Wilhelm Karl von Isenburg, (Verlag von J.A. Stargardt, Marburg, pub. 1975, original 1953 , , Repository: selected charts in possession of J.H. Garner), Band II Table 153 (Reliability: 0).

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