1222 - 1258 (36 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors and more than 100 descendants in this family tree.
||Theodoros Dukas Laskaris |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Marija von Bulgarien, b. 1224, d. Yes, date unknown |
| ||1. Ioannes Laskaris, IV, b. 25 Dec 1250, d. Abt 1305 (Age 54 years)|
| ||2. Irene Doukaina Laskarina, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||3. Maria Doukaina Laskarina, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||4. Eudoxia Laskarina, b. Abt 1254, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||5. Theodora Laskarina, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||6. NN Laskarina, d. Yes, date unknown|
||19 Mar 2010 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
- Dukas Laskaris
Emperor of Byzantium
II received a scholarly education by Nicephorus Blemmydes and remained devoted to science and art throughout his life. In contrast with earlier practice, Theodore II was not crowned co-emperor with his father, though he assisted in the government since c. 1241. On the death of John III on November 4 , 1254 , Theodore II was acclaimed emperor by the army and the court, but was crowned only after the appointment of a new patriarch, Arsenios Autoreianos , in 1255.
The succession of Theodore II was exploited by the Bulgarians , who invaded Thrace under the leadership of the young and inexperienced Michael Asen I of Bulgaria in 1255. In spite of his own scholarly predisposition, Theodore II immediately marched against the Bulgarians and inflicted a crushing defeat on them. During his second expedition in 1256, he managed to conclude a favorable peace with Bulgaria, which may have plunged the latter into a crisis of leadership. Theodore II followed up his victory against Bulgaria by expanding his control in the west, where he annexed Durazzo and Servia , effectively outflanking his rivals in Epirus .
Internally, Theodore II favored bureaucrats from the middle classes, instead of members of the great aristocratic families. This caused considerable opposition by the nobility to the emperor and his chief minister, the megas domestikos George Muzalon . The conflict led to the exile of one of the leaders of the aristocratic faction, the future Emperor Michael VIII Palaeologus , who was accused of conspiring with the Seljuks of Rum . In the midst of this crisis, Theodore II's epileptic condition worsened, and the emperor died on August 18 , 1258 , leaving George Mouzalon as the regent for his minor son John IV Laskaris .