1938 - 1988 (49 years)
Has more than 100 ancestors but no descendants in this family tree.
||Sheridan F Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood |
|Relationship||with Francis Fox|
||9 Jul 1938
||29 May 1988
||9 Sep 2006 |
- 5th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava
youngest child and only son of the 4th Marquess of Dufferin and Ava and his wife, Maureen Guinness. One of his sisters was the novelist Caroline Blackwood .
Named after his playwright ancestor Richard Brinsley Sheridan , Lord Dufferin was known by his father's courtesy title Earl of Ava until he succeeded his father in the marquessate in 1945, when he was 6 years old. When he was aged 12, trustees acting in his stead sold Clandeboye , his ancestral seat, to his estates company for £120,000 in order "to maintain his station in life," as the trustees alleged said at the time. "And how he maintained that status! Joan Aly Khan , Billy Wallace , the Earl of Dalkeith , Lady Daphne Cadogan and a myriad other luminaries of the 1950s café society came to his nineteenth birthday party. The fireworks at one of the three massive coming-of-age balls two years later were said to be 'just like Woomera rocket range'"
After attending a day school, Garth House, in Bangor, County Down he went to Eton College . After Eton he attended Christ Church , Oxford . A keen shot and sportsman, he played championship tennis at Queen's Club , but it was at Oxford that he developed a passion for the arts.
Patron of the arts
After Oxford he met and went into partnership with John Kasmin , and opened the Kasmin Gallery on New Bond Street , London in 1963. The Kasmin was a radical gallery for the time and showed British and American abstract and pop art . The gallery was described as "a beautiful space in New Bond Street designed for them by Ahrends, Burton and Koralek, with a curiously shaped white ceiling, white walls and a green-khaki rubberised floor. It was a space described by Kasmin as 'a machine for looking at pictures in'; those pictures, moreover, were prototypes of the new art. They looked as if they had been painted to be seen in museums: the space was designed for canvasses six feet square and upwards that would readily carry across a large room. The gallery thereby affirmed that painting had changed fundamentally: it was no longer being made to fit into drawing-rooms." Among the artists the gallery showed were Frank Stella , Kenneth Noland , Anthony Caro and most famously of all David Hockney . The Kasmin Gallery closed in 1972, with Kasmin going on to work in partnership with other London dealers up to the 1990s.
Lord Dufferin was appointed a trustee of the Wallace Collection in 1973, and was also a trustee of the National Gallery, London and continued to support up-and-coming contemporary British artists. He also helped in the making of films about the pianist Liberace and the Playboy entrepreneur Hugh Hefner , as well as backing the controversial 1976 film Sebastiane , directed by the British filmmaker Derek Jarman . He was also a sometime director of the Guinness company, being a great-grandson of Edward Guinness, 1st Earl of Iveagh .
In 1964 Lord Dufferin married his cousin Serena Belinda (Lindy) Rosemary Guinness, daughter of Group Captain Loel Guinness and his second wife, Lady Isabel Manners, herself a daughter of John Manners, 9th Duke of Rutland . Their wedding was at St. Margaret's, Westminster where 1,800 guests attended, including Princess Margaret and the Earl of Snowdon . Lady Dufferin was also passionate about art and together they were at centre of the trendy art scene in late 1960s London. Parties at their house in Holland Park "were legendary in the late 60s. You would find yourself talking to Princess Margaret or Duncan Grant and Angelica Garnett , or Francis Bacon or Stephen Spender or the Queen Mother ."
Lord Dufferin, who was 49, died on May 29 , 1988 at Clandeboye, from complications of HIV . He was the fifth and last Marquess of Dufferin and Ava, having died without issue. There being no other living descendants in the direct male line from the 1st Marquess, the marquessate and the other peerages created for the 1st Marquess in the Peerage of the United Kingdom became extinct . The Barony of Dufferin and Clandeboye, the family's older title in the Peerage of Ireland , passed to a distant kinsman.
In the years after her husband's death, Lady Dufferin developed new initiatives at Clandeboye, and today the estate has associations with a number of environmental charities and projects, including the Prince's Trust , the Northern Ireland branch of the Woodland Trust , which was established in 1998 in partnership with the Dufferin Foundation, and Kew Gardens . Lady Dufferin also returned to the art world, and has exhibited in galleries in London and New York under the name Lindy Guinness. She was also the inspiration behind the opening of the Ava Gallery at Clandeboye in 2004, which exhibits works by leading contemporary Northern Irish artists and an annual exhibition of museum-standard work by a major artist or group of artists.